When caring for babies, parents have endless kisses, cuddles...and questions. Is your baby getting enough to eat? Are they developing normally? How do you deal with diaper rash? Will your baby—or you—ever sleep through the night?

While your gut is usually your best teacher, not all aspects of caring for newborns are intuitive. Learn the best tips and tricks for feeding, soothing, and keeping babies safe so you can worry less and bond more with your little one.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • When do babies start teething?

    Your baby may begin teething as early as 3 months, even though their first tooth probably won't start to poke through their gums until at least a few months later. Signs of teething include drooling more than usual, gnawing on things, waking more frequently, or being fussier than normal.

  • When do babies crawl?

    Most babies have started some version of crawling by around 9 months, but some may take a little longer, and that's common. Your baby's crawl might look unconventional: they might roll, creep, push themselves backward, or "army crawl" with their arms. Some babies pull themselves to a standing position without much crawling and start cruising.

  • When do babies start talking?

    Around 6 or 7 months, your baby may start repeating words and sounds they hear often. But it's not until they are closer to a year old that babies attach meaning to the words they use. Around their first birthday, your baby might be saying one or two words with purpose, and their language will grow quickly from there.

  • When do babies roll over?

    By around 6 or 7 months, most babies can roll over in both directions (front to back, back to front). You can encourage this skill by placing your baby on their belly for frequent tummy time when they are awake.

  • How do you swaddle a baby?

    To make sure their joints develop properly, practice hip-healthy swaddling, endorsed by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America:

    1. Spread a blanket out flat, with one corner folded down.
    2. Lay your baby face-up on the blanket, with their head above the folded corner.
    3. Straighten their left arm and wrap the left corner of the blanket over their body, tucking it between their right arm and their right side.
    4. Tuck their right arm down, and fold the right corner of the blanket over their body and under their left side.
    5. Fold the bottom of the blanket loosely and tuck it under one side of your baby, making sure their hips can move and that the blanket is not too tight.
  • When do babies start walking?

    Although 12 months is the average age for babies to learn to walk, it's normal for children to start walking as early as 9 months or as late as 17 or 18 months. Once your baby starts pulling themselves up to stand, holding onto something for support, they are getting ready to take their first steps.

  • When do babies’ eyes change color?

    The cells that determine your baby's eye color are still undeveloped at birth. These cells become active over baby's first year, which is why a child may have blue eyes at birth and brown eyes by their first birthday. Eye color transformation often slows down around 6 months but usually isn't established until about 12 months.

  • When do babies sit up?

    Babies can often sit without support at 6 months. Bolstering them with pillows or holding their hands while sitting helps them practice this skill. It may take a few months more for them to be able to be steady while sitting and playing with a toy at the same time.

  • How to get rid of baby hiccups?

    Rubbing your baby' back, burping them, encouraging them to suck on a pacifier, or changing their position (sitting to prone, for instance), can help get rid of infant hiccups. But you don't need to do anything. Newborns spend a lot of time—about 2.5% of their day—hiccuping, and it bothers them less than you may think.

  • When can babies have water?

    Babies can (and should) start having a few sips of water during mealtime when they start solid foods, around 6 months. Between 6 and 12 months, they should still receive breast milk or infant formula as a primary beverage. From a year on, water should be children's go-to drink.

  • When do babies get teeth?

    A baby's first tooth usually erupts between 6 and 10 months. That first tooth will most likely be a lower central incisor (one of the two middle teeth on the bottom). The upper central incisors and then the teeth on either side of those will usually come in closer to their first birthday or just after.

  • When do babies sleep through the night?

    Some lucky parents have babies who sleep through the night starting around a few months old, but night waking is common through the first year. Nearly two-fifths (38%) of 6-month-old babies are unable to sleep at a six-hour stretch. By their first birthday, however, 72% of babies are sleeping through the night.

  • When do babies start smiling?

    Smiling is one of the earliest social milestones for babies. Many infants start to smile at people around 2 months. By 4 months, babies smile even more, often in an effort to mimic caregivers. Smiling at your baby often will help encourage this skill.

  • Can babies get COVID?

    Babies can get COVID-19. Some newborns have tested positive shortly after being born. Fetal transmission has been proven, meaning that it is possible for babies to get the virus from their mothers before or during birth. They can also get it after birth. Although they are at lower risk for contracting the virus than older children, infants are more likely to pass along the virus along once they have it.

  • How to burp a baby?

    Gentle pats with a slightly cupped hand on your baby's back usually helps bring a burp up. You can do this while holding your baby to your chest with their chin on your shoulder, sitting them upright with one hand supporting their chin and chest, or laying them on their belly over your lap.

  • What is colic in babies?

    Inconsolable crying—for more than three hours per day, more than three days a week, for longer than three weeks, specifically—defines colic. Between 10% and 40% of babies have colic, and luckily, most of them outgrow it by 3 to 6 months of age. Colic's cause is still unknown, but some likely triggers include intolerance to cow's milk protein or lactose and gastrointestinal immaturity or inflammation.

  • How much does it cost to have a baby?

    On average, it costs about $12,680 each year to care for a child from birth through age 2. Your costs may be on the higher side if you need to use child care, which ranges from around $5,000 to $24,000 annually depending on your location. Other expenses include diapers, clothing, and food (if you opt to formula feed them and/or once they start solids). While you're expecting, research medical insurance, which can help control costs for your baby's hospital delivery as well as visits to a pediatrician and dentist.

Key Terms

Page Sources
Verywell Family uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
  1. Nemours Foundation. Teething tots.

  2. Zero To Three. How do babies learn to crawl?

  3. American Academy of Pediatrics. My baby is turning a year old this month. Should she be talking by now?

  4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Milestone moments.

  5. American Academy of Pediatrics. Swaddling: Is it safe?

  6. Cleveland Clinic. When do babies start walking?

  7. American Academy of Pediatrics. What color will my baby's eyes be?

  8. Howes D. Hiccups: A new explanation for the mysterious reflexBioessays. 2012;34(6):451-453. doi:10.1002/bies.201100194

  9. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Consensus Statement. Healthy Beverage Consumption in Early Childhood: Recommendations from Key National Health and Nutrition Organizations.

  10. American Dental Association. Eruption charts.

  11. Pennestri MH, Laganière C, Bouvette-Turcot AA, et al. Uninterrupted infant sleep, development, and maternal moodPediatrics. 2018;142(6):e20174330. doi:10.1542/peds.2017-4330

  12. Vivanti AJ, Vauloup-Fellous C, Prevot S, et al. Transplacental transmission of SARS-CoV-2 infectionNat Commun. 2020;11:3572. doi:10.1038/s41467-020-17436-6

  13. Paul LA, Daneman N, Schwartz KL, et al. Association of age and pediatric household transmission of SARS-CoV-2 infectionJAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(11):1151-1158. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.2770

  14. Nemours Foundation. Burping your baby.

  15. Johnson JD, Cocker K, Chang E. Infantile colic: recognition and treatmentAm Fam Phys. 2015;92(7):577-582.

  16. U.S. Department of Agriculture. Expenditures on Children by Families, 2015.

  17. Economic Policy Institute. Child Care Costs in the United States.

  18. American Academy of Dermatology. How to treat eczema in babies.

  19. Brown A. No difference in self-reported frequency of choking between infants introduced to solid foods using a baby-led weaning or traditional spoon-feeding approachJ Hum Nutr Diet. 2018;31(4):496-504. doi:10.1111/jhn.12528

  20. American Academy of Pediatrics. These hands were made for talking.

  21. U.S. National Library of Medicine. Newborn jaundice.

  22. American Academy of Dermatology. What are those bumps on my child's skin?

  23. Nemours Foundation. Oral thrush.